IELTS Writing Exam (Task-1 and Task-2)


To begin with, there are four modules of the IELTS exam, and the IELTS writing exam is one of the modules of the IELTS exam. Also, this part is considered as the most important part of the IELTS exam because this part is totally in-hands of the candidate. A candidate will only get scores if he/she is proficient and clear with the thoughts and concepts. So, here you will find some basic concepts of IELTS writing task-1 and task-2. Also, here you will find solutions for some common hurdles faced in IELTS writing tests.

Content Below

  1. Types of graphs in IELTS writing task-1
  2. Types of essays in IELTS writing task-2
  3. Marking criteria for IELTS writing exam
  4. How to overcome marking criteria
  5. How to write an effective essay(IELTS writing task-2)
  6. Things to remember

Firstly, let us learn some basic things about the IELTS writing test. Basically, this test consists of two tasks, and in the very first line of each task, it is suggested that the candidate must spend only 20 mins and 40 mins on each of the two tasks respectively. In task-1, the candidate should write estimated 150 words and in task-2 there is a requirement of at least 250 words. Task-2 contributes twice as much as the task-1 to the score for writing.

The witing task-1 comprises a diagram or some data (graph, chart or a table). So, the candidate has to write about the data that the given commodity depicts in their own words.

Common types of Writing Task-1

  1. Line Graph
  2. Bar Graph
  3. Pie Chart
  4. Table
  5. Map
  6. Process
  7. Multiple Charts

Firstly, in Task-2, the candidates are provided with a point of view, argument or a problem. Moreover, they are asked to present their thoughts on the given topic in their own words.

Types of Essays:

  1. Agree/Disagree (Opinion)
  2. Do advantage outweigh the disadvantage
  3. Two-part Questions
  4. Discuss
  5. What is your opinion?
  6. Do you think it is positive or negative growth
  7. Causes/Solutions
  8. Problem/Solution
  9. Causes/Effect
  10. Discuss both views


Candidates are assessed on the following observations:

  1. Task Response
  2. Coherence ad Cohesion
  3. Lexical Resources
  4. Grammatical Range and Accuracy

How to respond to each requirement of band distribution?

Task Response

1. Pay attention to all issues in the essay questions

2. Write about the issues rather than just the general topic

3. Present a fully developed position in answer to the question and with relevant ideas

4. Most importantly, try to write over 250 words.

Coherence and Cohesion

  1. Firstly, one should have either four or five paragraphs including 2-3 body paragraphs,

2. secondly, sequence information and ideas logically,

3. thirdly, use paragraphing sufficiently and adequately, and,

4. At last, use a range of linking words

Lexical Resources

  1. Pay attention to collocations (which verb matches which noun)

2. Use a wide range of vocabulary words appropriate for topic

3. Avoid using informal words

4. Spell words correctly

5. Use less common vocabulary words. But show a great clarity in your thoughts for higher score

6. Add quotes of wise man or some famous personalities/some punch lines (optional also recommended)

Grammatical Range and Accuracy

  1. Use a variety of complex structures (eg: passive, conditional, compound, past, future)

2. Use the correct punctuation (eg:  full-stop, comma)

3. Ensure to produce frequent error-free sentences

4. Common grammar errors (eg: articles, plural nouns, uncountable nouns, word order)


Certainly, a candidate must follow 3 stages to make an effective use of 40 mins given to compose an essay:

  1. Visualization (Planning stage) – 5 mins

       “Plan your work for today and every day, then work your plan”

  • Conceptualization (Writing stage) – 30 mins

        “Writing is an exploration. You start with nothing and end up writing the whole world.”

  • Representation (Editing stage) – 5 mins

To sum up, try to be a lateral thinker and skip the old style of conventional thinking.

What is conventional and lateral thinking?

Click here to get proper knowledge of techniques on how to conceptualize, visualize and represent your IELTS writing task-2.

Introductory Part

                                                   “Presentation: First Impression Is the Last Impression”

  1. Write Neatly: It’s better to have a mediocre, legible essay than one that’s brilliant but hard to read. So be simple with your writing style, but never forget to add a magic of words.

                                         “Simplicity is the most expensive component, that any individual desires”

  • Firstly, you must indent your paragraphs. As a result, this gives a well-structured and well-planned look to your essays.
  • Secondly, try to write somewhat more than the mentioned word limit. Always write your essays at least in 300 words. Because too short essays mean you lack views.

                    “It would be very difficult if the words were exhausted. Thoughts and regrets are drowned every day. I did not cross the rivers of emotions”

Body Paragraph

“It does not that matter what you say what matters is how you say it”.

Above all, is to write short and simple. Firstly, any of your sentences should not exceed two lines in length. Also, try to write as the first person, i.e, “I”, it leaves a greater impact on the reader. Follow one tense, either present, past or future. Secondly, writing well-structured sentences without any grammatical mistake is a must-do thing. In short, it is not important to use extravagant verbal padding or write in a pompous language, just write the word after knowing its proper use. Thirdly and most importantly, avoid spelling errors, if the word skips from your mind, try to write a synonym for it. Try not to repeat the word in a paragraph.


A Good Introduction

  1. A good introduction is short. So, two or three sentences are enough to show your approach to the topic.
  2. A good introduction is direct. Therefore, in comparative questions, contradict between both sides of the argument in your first sentence.
  3. A good introduction is an outline. Thus, the second sentence usually outlines the organization. As a result, it gives the reader a general idea of your plan.

A Good Body

  1. A good comment includes several points, so, a short essay may have two or three comments on some significant aspects of topic.
  2. Good comments are all related. So, all of the comments should relate to the general statement in the first sentence.
  3.  Good comments are logical. To do so, the points should be based on shreds of evidence.
  4. Good comments are not judgements. Opinions should be identified by phrases such as, “in my view”, “in my opinion” or “it seems to me that.” Furthermore, opinions should be based on evidence. In short, opinions that are not based on evidence are judgements. Additionally, judgements usually use words like “good” or “bad”, “right” or “wrong”. To sum up, judgements are not good comments.

A Good conclusion

  1. A good conclusion is a summary. So, the last sentence must be similar to the first sentence. Also, it does not introduce a new idea.
  2. Secondly, a good ending does not apologize for not having said enough, for not having had enough time, or for not using good English. So, try to prevent these errors.

In the gist of the whole content, I would like to emphasize that, if an aspiring candidate just thoroughly read this content. And is able to just put 10% of it, then it can easily score 7+ bands.

To stay tuned with the updates of IELTS reach IDP Global and British Council.

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